Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is a severe hereditary bone disease whose cellular basis is in the osteoclast, but with heterogeneous molecular defects. We hereby report the clinical and the molecular study of seven patients affected by the recessive form of osteopetrosis (ARO) from six families originating from the Middle-East: four from Lebanon and two from Syria. Parental consanguinity was found in five families. The mean age of diagnosis was 3 months. Failure to thrive, prominent forehead, exophthalmia, optic atrophy, hepatosplenomegaly, neurological manifestations, anaemia, thrombocytopenia, hypocalcaemia, elevated hepatic enzymes and acid phosphatase, and an early fatal outcome were common. Macrocephaly, strabismus, and brain malformations were relatively less common. Mutations were identified in two genes: TCIRG1 and OSTM1. Phenotype-genotype correlation is discussed.
- Neurological defects
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