Monitoring adherence to guidelines of antibiotic use in pediatric pneumonia: the MAREA study

Pasquale Di Pietro, Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, Michela Silvestri, Maria Angela Tosca, Anna Ruocco, Giorgio Conforti, Giovanni A Rossi, Elio Castagnola, Maria Caterina Merlano, Simona Zappettini, Salvatore Renna, Pediatric Ligurian Network MAREA network

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BACKGROUND: Children are the most vulnerable population exposed to the use of antibiotics often incorrectly prescribed for the treatment of infections really due to viruses rather than to bacteria. We designed the MAREA study which consisted of two different studies: i) a surveillance study to monitor the safety/efficacy of the antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia (CAP), pharyngotonsillitis and acute otitis media in children younger than 14 yrs old, living in Liguria, North-West Italy and ii) a pre-/post-interventional study to evaluate the appropriateness of antibiotic prescription for the treatment these infections. In this paper, we show only results of the appropriateness study about the antibiotic prescription for the treatment of pneumonia.

METHODS: Patients included in this study met the following inclusion criteria: i) admission to the Emergency/Inpatient Dpt/outpatient clinic of primary care pediatricians for pneumonia requiring antibiotics, ii) informed written consent. The practice of prescribing antibiotics was evaluated before-and-after a 1 day-educational intervention on International/National recommendations.

RESULTS: Global adherence to guidelines was fulfilled in 45%: main reason for discordance was duration (shorter than recommended). Macrolide monotherapy and cephalosporins were highly prescribed; ampicillin/amoxicillin use was limited. 61% of patients received >1 antibiotic; parenteral route was used in 33%. After intervention, i) in all CAP, cephalosporin prescription decreased (-23%) and the inappropriate macrolide prescriptions was halved and, ii) in not hospitalized CAP (notH-CAP), macrolides were prescribed less frequently (-25%) and global adherence to guidelines improved (+39%); and iii) in H-CAP antibiotic choice appropriateness increase.

CONCLUSION: Prescribing practices were sufficiently appropriate but widespread preference for multidrug empirical regimens or macrolide in monotherapy deserve closer investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2017


  • Journal Article


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