Mono-oligoclonal immunoglobulin abnormalities in diabetic patients after kidney transplantation: Influence of simultaneous pancreas graft

M. Bernardi, E. La Rocca, R. Castoldi, V. Di Carlo, R. Caldara, S. Furiani, D. Giudici, G. Pozza, A. Secchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Monoclonal components (MC) are detected in as high as 30% of renal transplant recipients. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence, relevance and consequence of monoclonal components in patients with Type I (insulin- dependent) diabetes who received kidney (n = 22), kidney and whole pancreas (n = 41), kidney and segmental pancreas (n = 24) and kidney and islets (n = 12) transplants. Immunosuppression was based on prophylactic anti-lymphocyte globulins, corticosteroids, azathioprine and cyclosporin in all patients; acute rejection was treated with steroids or anti-lymphocyte monoclonal immunoglobulin therapy (OKT3) or both. Serum immunofixation was carried out in all patients before transplantation and then after at 6 months and then yearly. Monoclonal components were detected in 81 of 99 patients (82%); 52 patients (52%) developed them within 6 months of transplantation, 15 (15%) between 6 and 12 months, with a peak prevalence at 1 year post-transplant (58%) and a decrease thereafter (10% at 9 years). Kidney recipients showed a lower incidence of monoclonal components when compared with those who received kidneys and segmental pancreases and those who received kidneys and who!e pancreases. Monoclonal components were more often detected in patients who had previously experienced an acute renal rejection. Cytomegalovirus infection and acute rejection occurring in the same patient further increased the risk of developing monoclonal components, the development of which did not correlate with OKT3 treatment. A Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder was developed by two patients (2%), one with 5 and the other with 6 monoclonal components. In conclusion, diabetic patients receiving kidney and/or Pancreas transplantation, experiencing both cytomegalovirus infection and acute rejection, are at greatest risk of developing monoclonal components but they appear to be benign and transient; multiple band detection is a marker for the subsequent development of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1176-1179
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetologia
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Immunosuppression
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Monoclonal immunoglobulins
  • Pancreas transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this