131I-labelled anti-CEA monoclonal antibody was tested in an animal model to evaluate: influence of antibody type (whole versus F(ab')2 fragments), administration route (i.v. versus i.p.), dose of tracer (100 microCi versus 1000 microCi), growth site (s.c. versus i.p.) and size of tumor. Athymic mice bearing CEA-producing human colon carcinoma (HT-29) or human melanoma as an irrelevant tumor (MeWo) received tracer and immunoscintigraphy and the localization ratios (LR) were compared. In HT-29 bearing animals F(ab')2 fragments localized better than the whole antibody. The LR were higher after i.p. administration of the tracer, independently of the tumor characteristics or the injected dose. The highest values were achieved when the radioactivity remaining in the whole body was below 2% of the injected dose. The images were negative when the i.p. injected dose was low or tumor growth was i.p. but positive in the other conditions (i.v. administration, high tracer dose, s.c. tumor growth). In the animals bearing melanoma, images scored positive or negative when the tumor weight was respectively above or below 400 mg, but the LR were always low.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1988|
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