Monoclonal anti-CEA antibody: factors affecting localization in a preclinical study.

M. Ripamonti, S. Canevari, G. Buraggi, M. Gadina, A. Turrin, M. Gasparini, G. Scassellati, M. I. Colnaghi

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Abstract

131I-labelled anti-CEA monoclonal antibody was tested in an animal model to evaluate: influence of antibody type (whole versus F(ab')2 fragments), administration route (i.v. versus i.p.), dose of tracer (100 microCi versus 1000 microCi), growth site (s.c. versus i.p.) and size of tumor. Athymic mice bearing CEA-producing human colon carcinoma (HT-29) or human melanoma as an irrelevant tumor (MeWo) received tracer and immunoscintigraphy and the localization ratios (LR) were compared. In HT-29 bearing animals F(ab')2 fragments localized better than the whole antibody. The LR were higher after i.p. administration of the tracer, independently of the tumor characteristics or the injected dose. The highest values were achieved when the radioactivity remaining in the whole body was below 2% of the injected dose. The images were negative when the i.p. injected dose was low or tumor growth was i.p. but positive in the other conditions (i.v. administration, high tracer dose, s.c. tumor growth). In the animals bearing melanoma, images scored positive or negative when the tumor weight was respectively above or below 400 mg, but the LR were always low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Markers
Volume3
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology

Cite this

Ripamonti, M., Canevari, S., Buraggi, G., Gadina, M., Turrin, A., Gasparini, M., Scassellati, G., & Colnaghi, M. I. (1988). Monoclonal anti-CEA antibody: factors affecting localization in a preclinical study. International Journal of Biological Markers, 3(4), 249-258.