We have characterized the epitopes for ten murine monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to human low density lipoprotein (LDL) and studied their ability to interfere with the LDL-receptor interaction. The epitopes for the antibodies were defined by using the following approaches: 1) interaction with apoB-48; 2) interaction with apoB-100 thrombolytic fragments; and 3) interaction with β-galactosidase-apoB fusion proteins spanning different areas of the apoB- 100 sequence. The results obtained are consistent with the following map of epitopes: Mab 6E, amino acids (aa) 1-1297, Mabs 5A and 6B, aa 1480-1693, Mabs 2A, 7A, 3B, and 4B, aa 2152-2377, Mabs 8A and 9A, aa 2657-3248 and 3H, aa 4082-4306. Four Mabs (2A, 5A, 7A, and 9A) whose epitopes are located in three different areas of apoB, dramatically reduced (up to 95%) the LDL-receptor interaction on cultured human fibroblasts; Fab fragments were as effective as the whole antibodies. Mab 3H, on the other hand, increased LDL binding up to threefold. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that several areas of apoB-100 are involved independently or in concert in modulating the apoprotein B conformation required for interaction with the LDL receptor.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- β-galactosidase-apoB fusion proteins
- apoB receptor binding domain
- apoB-100 thrombolytic fragments
ASJC Scopus subject areas