Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)-Italian version: regression based norms and equivalent scores

Silvia Conti, Stefano Bonazzi, Marcella Laiacona, Marco Masina, Mirco Vanelli Coralli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief cognitive screening instrument developed by Nasreddine et al. to detect mild cognitive impairment, a high-risk condition for Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. In this study we report normative data on the MoCA-Italian version, collected on a sample of 225 Italian healthy subjects ranged in age between 60 and 80 years, and in formal education from 5 to 23 years. The global normal cognition was established in accordance with the Mini–Mental State Examination score and with the Prose Memory Test score (Spinnler and Tognoni, Ital J Neurol Sci 6:25–27, 1987). None of the participants had a history of psychiatric, neurological, cerebrovascular disorders or brain injury or took drugs affecting cognition. Linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the potential effect of age, education and sex on the MoCA total performance score. We provide correction grids to adjust raw scores and equivalent scores with cut-off value to allow comparison between MoCA performance and others neuropsychological test scores that can be administered on the same subject.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)
  • Normative data
  • Screening test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)


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