Mood disorders and risk of lung cancer in the eagle case-control study and in the u.s. veterans affairs inpatient cohort

David E. Capo-Ramos, Ying Gao, Jay H. Lubin, David P. Check, Lynn R. Goldin, Angela C. Pesatori, Dario Consonni, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Andrew J. Saxon, Andrew W. Bergen, Neil E. Caporaso, Maria Teresa Landi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Mood disorders may affect lung cancer risk. We evaluated this hypothesis in two large studies. Methodology/Principal Findings: We examined 1,939 lung cancer cases and 2,102 controls from the Environment And Genetics in Lung cancer Etiology (EAGLE) case-control study conducted in Italy (2002-2005), and 82,945 inpatients with a lung cancer diagnosis and 3,586,299 person-years without a lung cancer diagnosis in the U.S. Veterans Affairs Inpatient Cohort (VA study), composed of veterans with a VA hospital admission (1969-1996). In EAGLE, we calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), with extensive adjustment for tobacco smoking and multiple lifestyle factors. In the VA study, we estimated lung cancer relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs with time-dependent Poisson regression, adjusting for attained age, calendar year, hospital visits, time within the study, and related previous medical diagnoses. In EAGLE, we found decreased lung cancer risk in subjects with a personal history of mood disorders (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.44-0.79, based on 121 lung cancer incident cases and 192 controls) and family history of mood disorders (OR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.50-0.77, based on 223 lung cancer cases and 345 controls). The VA study analyses yielded similar results (RR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.71-0.77, based on 2,304 incident lung cancer cases and 177,267 non-cancer person-years) in men with discharge diagnoses for mood disorders. History of mood disorders was associated with nicotine dependence, alcohol and substance use and psychometric scales of depressive and anxiety symptoms in controls for these studies. Conclusions/Significance: The consistent finding of a relationship between mood disorders and lung cancer risk across two large studies calls for further research into the complex interplay of risk factors associated with these two widespread and debilitating diseases. Although we adjusted for smoking effects in EAGLE, residual confounding of the results by smoking cannot be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere42945
JournalPLoS One
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Mood disorders and risk of lung cancer in the eagle case-control study and in the u.s. veterans affairs inpatient cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this