Morphine and alternative opioids in cancer pain: The EAPC recommendations

G. W. Hanks, F. de Conno, N. Cherny, M. Hanna, E. Kalso, H. J. McQuay, S. Mercadante, J. Meynadier, P. Poulain, C. Ripamonti, L. Radbruch, J. Roca I Casas, J. Sawe, R. G. Twycross, V. Ventafridda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An expert working group of the European Association for Palliative Care has revised and updated its guidelines on the use of morphine in the management of cancer pain. The revised recommendations presented here give guidance on the use of morphine and the alternative strong opioid analgesics which have been introduced in many parts of the world in recent years. Practical strategies for dealing with difficult situations are described presenting a consensus view where supporting evidence is lacking. The strength of the evidence on which each recommendation is based is indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-593
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2001


  • Alternative opioids
  • European guidelines
  • Morphine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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