Morphological correlates of MAO A VNTR polymorphism: New evidence from cortical thickness measurement

Antonio Cerasa, Andrea Cherubini, Aldo Quattrone, Maria C. Gioia, Angela Magariello, Maria Muglia, Ida Manna, Francesca Assogna, Carlo Caltagirone, Gianfranco Spalletta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A functional variant in the mono-amine oxidase A (MAO A) gene has been shown to impact neural function related to cognitive and affective processing and increase risk for conduct disorders. However, whether MAO A could be a candidate gene for structural variation in the human brain remains to be clarified. This study is the first to investigate the effect of this genotype on brain morphology by measuring cortical thickness. We genotyped 59 healthy male subjects (36 carrying the MAO A High-activity allele and 23 the MAO A Low-activity allele) who underwent structural MRI at 3. T. Models of the grey-white and pial surfaces were generated for each individual's cortices, and the distance between these two surfaces was used to compute cortical thickness within a priori regions of interest of the orbitofrontal and cingulate cortices. Surface-based analysis of the cortical mantle showed that the MAO A genotype was associated with structural differences in the orbitofrontal cortex bilaterally, where the MAO A High-activity group showed the highest cortical thickness value and the MAO A Low-activity group the lowest. Otherwise, no significant difference was detected within the cingulate cortex. Thus, we confirm the hypothesis that the MAO A genotype has a specific impact on human brain morphology. In particular, thickness measurement of the orbitofrontal cortex provides new evidence about the biological impact of the MAO A genotype on neural systems relevant to the pathophysiology of behavioural disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume211
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Cortical thickness
  • Imaging genetics
  • MAO A VNTR genotype
  • Orbitofrontal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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    Cerasa, A., Cherubini, A., Quattrone, A., Gioia, M. C., Magariello, A., Muglia, M., Manna, I., Assogna, F., Caltagirone, C., & Spalletta, G. (2010). Morphological correlates of MAO A VNTR polymorphism: New evidence from cortical thickness measurement. Behavioural Brain Research, 211(1), 118-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2010.03.021