Morphology and function of the adrenal zona glomerulosa of transgenic rats TGR [mREN2] 27: Effects of prolonged sodium restriction

Piera Rebuffat, Stefano Rocco, Paola G. Andreis, Giuliano Neri, Krzysztof W. Nowak, Jörg Peters, Giuseppe Opocher, Giuseppina Mazzocchi, Franco Mantero, Gastone G. Nussdorfer

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Heterozygous female transgenic rats for the murine Ren-2 gene (TGR) display a high blood pressure, together with a low kidney and high adrenal renin content. The effects of prolonged sodium restriction on the morphology and secretory activity of adrenal zona glomerulosa (ZG) of TGR and their age- and sex-matched Sprague-Dawley control rats (SDR) were investigated. Under basal conditions, TGR had a moderately hypertrophic ZG, that showed a significantly higher secretion of 18-hydroxylated (18OH) steroids: 18-hydroxy-11-deoxycorticosterone (18OH-DOC), 18-hydroxycorticosterone (18OH-B) and aldosterone (ALDO); ZG cells of TGR showed angiotensin II (AII)-binding site concentrations and ALDO secretory responses to AII similar to those of SDR ZG cells. Prolonged sodium restriction increased plasma ALDO level in both SDR and TGR, and significantly raised the volume of ZG. ZG hypertrophy was due to the increase in both the number and average volume of its parenchymal cells. The secretion of 18OH-steroids was markedly enhanced in both groups of rats; however, in TGR this rise was exclusively due to increases of 18OH-DOC and 18OH-B, while in SDR also ALDO production was enhanced. The yield of non-18OH-steroids was not affected. 11-Dehydrocorticosterone production was not changed in SDR, but doubled in TGR. ZG cells of sodium-restricted SDR and TGR displayed similar increases in their AII-binding site concentration and ALDO secretory response to AII. In conclusion, our present findings confirm that TGR possess a hypertrophic ZG and an elevated secretory capacity of 18OH-steroids, but show only slight differences in ZG and ZG-cell responses to prolonged sodium deprivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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