Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987

F. Merlo, L. Fontana, G. Reggiardo, M. Ceppi, G. Barisone, E. Garrone, M. Doria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A historical cohort mortality study conducted among 515 silicotic subjects revealed higher than expected risks for all causes [standardized mortality ratio (SMR) 1.89], respiratory tract diseases (SMR 8.89), silicotuberculosis (SMR 27.00), respiratory tract cancers (SMR 3.14), and lung cancer (SMR 3.50). Mortality from cardiovascular diseases was lower than that expected (SMR 0.51). Lung cancer risk increased with duration of occupational exposure (SMR 2.80, 2.99, and 5.02 for 14, 15-29, and 30 years of employment, respectively). Lung cancer risk was higher for the silicotics without tuberculosis (SMR 3.72) than for those with tuberculosis (SMR 2.83). Indirect adjustment for smoking habits, including number of cigarettes smoked per day, showed that smoking would have been responsible for a maximum risk of 1.77. Thus smoking may have explained 50% of the observed excess mortality from lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-80
Number of pages4
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Volume21
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Italy
mortality
Mortality
cancer
Pulmonary diseases
Lung Neoplasms
smoking
Tobacco Products
tuberculosis
Smoking
contagious disease
Silicotuberculosis
Tuberculosis
Disease
Respiratory Tract Diseases
cardiovascular disease
occupational exposure
Occupational Exposure
Respiratory System
Habits

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Italian silicotics
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Respiratory tract cancer
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Toxicology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Merlo, F., Fontana, L., Reggiardo, G., Ceppi, M., Barisone, G., Garrone, E., & Doria, M. (1995). Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 21(SUPPL. 2), 77-80.

Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987. / Merlo, F.; Fontana, L.; Reggiardo, G.; Ceppi, M.; Barisone, G.; Garrone, E.; Doria, M.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Vol. 21, No. SUPPL. 2, 1995, p. 77-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merlo, F, Fontana, L, Reggiardo, G, Ceppi, M, Barisone, G, Garrone, E & Doria, M 1995, 'Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987', Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 21, no. SUPPL. 2, pp. 77-80.
Merlo F, Fontana L, Reggiardo G, Ceppi M, Barisone G, Garrone E et al. Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 1995;21(SUPPL. 2):77-80.
Merlo, F. ; Fontana, L. ; Reggiardo, G. ; Ceppi, M. ; Barisone, G. ; Garrone, E. ; Doria, M. / Mortality among silicotics in Genoa, Italy, from 1961 to 1987. In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 1995 ; Vol. 21, No. SUPPL. 2. pp. 77-80.
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