Mortality from cancer and other causes in an Italian cohort of male rubber tire workers

Enrico Pira, Claudio Pelucchi, Canzio Romano, Marco Manzari, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate mortality among workers of an Italian rubber tire factory employed between 1954 and 2008. Methods: This cohort study included 6246 men, totaling 190,512 man-years of observation. Employment data were obtained from personnel records, whereas vital status and causes of death were ascertained from local authorities. We computed standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) using national and regional death certification rates. Results: Mortality was significantly lower than expected for all cancers (SMR = 79) and all causes (SMR = 85). The SMRs were 99 for cancer of stomach, 78 for lung, 121 for urinary bladder, 116 for lymphoma, and 89 for leukemia, none being significant. Decreased mortality emerged for cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx (SMR = 45), esophagus (SMR = 29), colorectum (SMR = 71), liver (SMR = 57), and kidney (SMR = 33). Conclusions: This study shows no excess cancer risk among male rubber tire workers employed after 1954.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-349
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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