Mosaic ring Y chromosome in two normal healthy men with azoospermia

Veronica Bertini, Domenico Canale, Maria Patrizia Bicocchi, Paolo Simi, Angelo Valetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To better define by molecular and cytogenetic techniques ring Y chromosomes detected in 2 infertile men. Design: Case report. Setting: Molecular genetics/cytogenetics unit in a university hospital. Patient(s): Two infertile men with azoospermia, presenting a normal male phenotype with complete masculinization. Intervention(s): Karyotype and genetic counseling. Main Outcome Measure(s): Metaphases were studied by standard G- and Q-banding; fluorescent in situ hybridization and PCR were performed to analyze specific Y chromosome regions. Result(s): Chromosomal analysis detected a mosaicism with a Y chromosome ring cell line in 92% (patient 1) and 95% (patient 2) of the metaphases, coexisting with a 45,X cell line in the remaining metaphases. In patient 1, PCR analysis showed the presence of AZFa region and a partial deletion of AZFb region; AZFc region was deleted. In patient 2 all three AZF regions were deleted. Conclusion(s): A 45,X/46,X,r(Y) mosaicism can be detected not only in patients with Ullrich-Turner syndrome and in patients with various degrees of genital ambiguity but also in men presenting a normal phenotype. Their azoospermia can be explained by partial or total deletion of AZF regions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


  • AZF regions
  • Azoospermia
  • FISH
  • Infertile male
  • Ring Y chromosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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