Motor cortical excitability studied with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with Huntington's disease

C. Lorenzano, L. Dinapoli, F. Gilio, A. Suppa, S. Bagnato, A. Currà, M. Inghilleri, A. Berardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: TMS techniques have provided controversial information on motor cortical function in Huntington's disease (HD). We investigated the excitability of motor cortex in patients with HD using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Methods: Eleven patients with HD, and 11 age-matched healthy subjects participated in the study. The clinical features of patients with HD were evaluated with the United Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS). rTMS was delivered with a Magstim Repetitive Magnetic Stimulator through a figure-of-8 coil placed over the motor area of the first dorsal interosseus (FDI) muscle. Trains of 10 stimuli were delivered at 5 Hz frequency and suprathreshold intensity (120% resting motor threshold) with the subjects at rest and during voluntary contraction of the target muscle. Results: In healthy subjects at rest, rTMS produced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) that increased in amplitude over the course of the trains. Conversely in patients, rTMS left the MEP size almost unchanged. In both groups, during voluntary contraction rTMS increased the silent period (SP) duration. Conclusions: Because rTMS modulates motor cortical excitability by activating cortical excitatory and inhibitory interneurons these findings suggest that in patients with HD the excitability of facilitatory intracortical interneurones is decreased. Significance: We suggest that depressed excitability of the motor cortex in patients with HD reflects a disease-related weakening of cortical facilitatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1677-1681
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume117
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Cortical excitability
  • Hyperkinetic disorders
  • Repetitive magnetic transcranial stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

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