Movement disorders phenomenology in focal motor seizures

Alfonso Fasano, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Francesco Bove, Alberto J. Espay, Francesca Morgante, Giovanni Fabbrini, Renato P. Munhoz, Danielle Andrade, Felipe Borlot, Esther Bui, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Raffaele Iorio, Hans Katzberg, Marco Luigetti, Pasquale Striano, Giovanni Defazio, Alfredo Berardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Although focal motor seizures may resemble one or more movement disorders their phenomenology and prevalence remain uncertain. Methods: To examine the extent to which focal motor seizures can present with a phenomenology fulfilling diagnostic criteria for movement disorders, 100 consecutive patients with focal motor seizures were rated by movement disorders experts, epileptologists, and general neurologists. Results: A focal motor seizure phenomenologically manifested as a defined movement disorder in 29% of the patients from a consecutive video-EEG documented cohort as per consensus among experts: myoclonus and dystonia (10 and 9 cases, respectively) were the most common movement disorders, followed by chorea (4), stereotypies (3) myoclonus-dystonia (2), and tremor (1). Conclusions: Movement disorders and focal motor epilepsy share overlapping movement phenomenology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Dystonia
  • Epilepsy
  • Focal seizure
  • Movement disorders
  • Myoclonus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology


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