Movement disorders phenomenology in focal motor seizures

Alfonso Fasano, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Francesco Bove, Alberto J Espay, Francesca Morgante, Giovanni Fabbrini, Renato P Munhoz, Danielle Andrade, Felipe Borlot, Esther Bui, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Raffaele Iorio, Hans Katzberg, Marco Luigetti, Pasquale Striano, Giovanni Defazio, Alfredo Berardelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


INTRODUCTION: Although focal motor seizures may resemble one or more movement disorders their phenomenology and prevalence remain uncertain.

METHODS: To examine the extent to which focal motor seizures can present with a phenomenology fulfilling diagnostic criteria for movement disorders, 100 consecutive patients with focal motor seizures were rated by movement disorders experts, epileptologists, and general neurologists.

RESULTS: A focal motor seizure phenomenologically manifested as a defined movement disorder in 29% of the patients from a consecutive video-EEG documented cohort as per consensus among experts: myoclonus and dystonia (10 and 9 cases, respectively) were the most common movement disorders, followed by chorea (4), stereotypies (3) myoclonus-dystonia (2), and tremor (1).

CONCLUSIONS: Movement disorders and focal motor epilepsy share overlapping movement phenomenology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-165
Number of pages5
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


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