Moving the Target on the Optimal Adjuvant Strategy for Resected Pancreatic Cancers: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.

Antonio Galvano, Marta Castiglia, Sergio Rizzo, Nicola Silvestris, Oronzo Brunetti, Giovanni Vaccaro, Valerio Gristina, Nadia Barraco, Marco Bono, Giovanni Guercio, Giuseppa Graceffa, Fabio Fulfaro, Stefania Gori, Viviana Bazan, Antonio Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Combination regimens have shown superiority over single agents in the adjuvant treatment of resected pancreatic cancer (PC), but there are no data supporting definition of the best regimen. This work aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of mFOLFIRINOX, gemcitabine+capecitabine, and gemcitabine+nab/paclitaxel in PC patients. A meta-analysis was performed for direct comparison between trials comparing combination regimens and gemcitabine monotherapy. Subsequently, an indirect comparison was made between trials investigating the efficacy and safety of mFOLFIRINOX, gemcitabine+capecitabine, and gemcitabine+nab/paclitaxel because of the same control arm (gemcitabine). A total of three studies met the selection criteria and were included in our indirect comparison. Indirect comparisons for efficacy outcomes showed a benefit in terms of DFS (disease-free survival)/EFS (event-free survival)/RFS (relapse-free survival) for both mFOLFIRINOX versus gemcitabine+capecitabine (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.52-0.91) and versus gemcitabine+nab/paclitaxel (HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.50-0.90). No significant advantage was registered for OS (overall survival). Indirect comparisons for safety showed an increase in terms of G3-5 AEs (with the exception of neutropenia) for mFOLFIRINOX versus gemcitabine+capecitabine (RR 1.24, 95% CI 1.03-1.50), while no significant differences were observed versus gemcitabine+nab/paclitaxel. According to our results, mFOLFIRINOX is feasible and manageable and could represent a first option for fit PC resected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE534
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 2020

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