MRI-induced artifact by a cochlear implant with a novel magnet system: an experimental cadaver study

Pietro Canzi, Federico Aprile, Anna Simoncelli, Marco Manfrin, Marianna Magnetto, Elvis Lafe, Domenico Minervini, Irene Avato, Simone Terrani, Andrea Scribante, Dzemal Gazibegovic, Marco Benazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purposes: To primarily evaluate MRI-induced effects for Ultra 3D cochlear implantation in human cadavers in terms of artifact generation and MR image quality. Methods: Three human cadaveric heads were submitted to imaging after unilateral and bilateral cochlear implantation. The 1.5 T MR examination protocol was chosen in accordance with our institutional protocol for the assessment of brain pathology. The maximal signal void size was measured according to each sequence and plane. Two experienced neuro-radiologists and one experienced otoneurosurgeon independently evaluated the MR image quality findings. A 4-point scale was used to describe the diagnostic usefulness of 14 brain structures. Results: Shape and size of the artifacts were found to be highly related to MRI sequences and acquisition planes. MRI sequences and processing algorithms affected the ability to assess anatomical visibility. Image quality appeared either high or assessable for diagnostic purposes in 9 out of 14 of the ipsilateral structures, in at least one plane. Anatomical structures contralateral to the cochlear implant were highly visible in all conditions. Artifact intrusion clearly improved after application of metal artifact-reduction techniques. In the case of bilateral cochlear implant, a mutual interaction between the two implant magnets produced an additional artifact. Conclusions: We performed the first cadaver study aimed at systematically evaluating the MRI-induced artifacts produced by a cochlear implant with a novel four bar magnet system. Specific brain structures can be assessable for diagnostic purposes under 1.5 T MRI, with the cochlear implant magnet in place.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Artifacts
  • Cadaver
  • Cochlear implant
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Ultra 3D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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