Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging characterization of orbital lesions: a triple blind study

Camilla Russo, Diego Strianese, Marianna Perrotta, Adriana Iuliano, Roberta Bernardo, Valeria Romeo, Lorenzo Ugga, Lisa Brunetti, Fausto Tranfa, Andrea Elefante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Multi-parametric MRI used for preoperative assessment of orbital lesions does not routinely include DCE-MRI, since its accuracy in differential diagnosis of orbital mass is still under debate. Aim of this study is to characterize orbital lesions by multi-parametric MRI, analysing the incremental predictive value of DCE-MRI in differential diagnosis of orbital lesions. Methods: In this prospective triple-blind study, 43 consecutive patients with unilateral orbital lesion underwent conventional multimodal MRI and DCE-MRI before biopsy in a tertiary referral centre. Pre-operative MRI examination including conventional unenhanced MRI protocol, DWI with ADC maps, static CE 3D-T1 w and dynamic CE T1 w sequences, was performed within 1 week from surgery (anterior/lateral orbitotomy depending on location of the lesion, to carry out incisional/excisional biopsy). Results: Comparison between conventional T1 w/T2 w, DWI, CE 3D-T1 w and DCE-MRI groups showed a statistically significant difference in scores distribution (p < .001). Statistically significant difference was found between conventional T1 w/T2 w and DWI (p < .005), as well as between DWI and CE 3D-T1 w (p < .001). Conversely, no significant difference was found between CE 3D-T1 w and DCE (p < .005). Conclusions and Relevance: This study confirmed the positive effect of DWI and CE 3D-T1 w on orbital lesions diagnosis when added to conventional T1 w/T2 w sequences, whereas no substantial impact on diagnostic performance was observed with the further addition of DCE-MRI. DCE does not strongly influence diagnostic performance and inter-rater agreement in characterizing orbital lesions; therefore, it should be recommended in selected patients whose assessment of flow dynamics is particularly useful for management. Abbreviations: US = ultrasonography; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; CT = computed tomography; STIR = Short-TI Inversion Recovery; DWI = diffusion weighted imaging; DCE-MRI = dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI; SE = Spin-Echo; TSE = Turbo Spin-Echo; THRIVE = T1-weighted high resolution Isotropic Volume Examination (dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrafast spoiled gradient echo); ROI = regions of interest; IRR = inter-rater reliability; TIC = time–intensity curve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-102
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Ophthalmology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 17 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • diffusion weighted imaging
  • dynamic contrast enhancement
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • orbital mass
  • perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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