A non myeloablative conditioning with total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) was shown to protect against graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To evaluate the effects of TLI-ATG in a multicenter study, 45 heavily pretreated patients, median age 51, with lymphoid (n = 38) and myeloid (n = 7) malignancies were enrolled at 9 centers. Twenty-eight patients (62%) received at least 3 lines of treatment before allografting, and 13 (29%) had refractory/relapsed disease at the time of transplantation. Peripheral blood hematopoietic cells were from HLA identical sibling (n = 30), HLA-matched (n = 9), or 1 antigen HLA-mismatched (n = 6) unrelated donors. A cumulative TLI dose of 8 Gy was administered from day -11 through -1 with ATG at the dose of 1.5 mg/kg/day (from day -11 through -7). GVHD prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil. Donor engraftment was reached in 95% of patients. Grade II to IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) developed in 6 patients (13.3%), and in 2 of these patients, it developed beyond day 100. Incidence of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 35.8%. One-year nonrelapse mortality was 9.1%. After a median follow-up of 28 months (range, 3-57 months) from transplantation, median overall survival was not reached, whereas median event-free survival was 20 months. This multicenter experience confirms that TLI-ATG protects against GVHD and maintains graft-vs-tumor effects.
- Graft-versus-host disease
- Nonmyeloablative conditioning
- Total lymphoid irradiation/antithymocyte globulin
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