Multicenter Italian experience in liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma in HIV-infected patients

Fabrizio Di Benedetto, Giuseppe Tarantino, Giorgio Ercolani, Umberto Baccarani, Roberto Montalti, Nicola De Ruvo, Massimiliano Berretta, Gian Luigi Adani, Matteo Zanello, Marcello Tavio, Nicola Cautero, Umberto Tirelli, Antonio D. Pinna, Giorgio E. Gerunda, Giovanni Guaraldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. The aim of our work is to assess the clinical outcomes of liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HIV-coinfected patients. This is a multicenter study involving three Italian transplant centers in northern Italy: University of Modena, University of Bologna, and University of Udine. Patients and Methods. We compared 30 HIV-positive patients affected by HCC who underwent LT with 125 HIV-uninfected patients who received the same treatment from September 2004 to June 2009. At listing, there were no differences between HIV-infected and-uninfected patients regarding HCC features. Patients outside the University of California, San Francisco criteria (UCSF) were considered eligible for LT if a down-staging program permitted a reduction of tumor burden. Results. HIV-infected patients were younger, they were more frequently anti-HCV positive, and a higher number of HIV-infected patients presented a coinfection HBV-HCV. Pre-LT treatments (liver resection and or locoregional treatments) were similar between the two groups. Histological characteristics of the tumor were similar in patients with and without HIV infection. No differences were observed in terms of overall survival and HCC recurrence rates. Conclusion. LT for HCC is a feasible procedure and the presence of HIV does not particularly affect the post-LT outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-599
Number of pages8
JournalThe oncologist
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2013


  • HCV
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • HIV
  • Liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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