Multicentric Italian survey on daily practice for autoimmune pancreatitis: Clinical data, diagnosis, treatment, and evolution toward pancreatic insufficiency: United European Gastroenterology Journal

L. Barresi, M. Tacelli, S.F. Crinò, F. Attili, M.C. Petrone, G. De Nucci, S. Carrara, G. Manfredi, G. Capurso, C.G. De Angelis, L. Crocellà, A. Fantin, M.F. Dore, A.T. Garribba, I. Tarantino, N. De Pretis, D. Pagliari, G. Rossi, G. Manes, P. PreatoniI. Barbuscio, F. Tuzzolino, M. Traina, L. Frulloni, G. Costamagna, P.G. Arcidiacono, E. Buscarini, R. Pezzilli, Italian Association for the Study of the Pancreas (AISP) Italian Association of Hospital Gastroenterologists and Endoscopists (AIGO)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare, and relatively new, form of chronic pancreatitis. The management of AIP can vary considerably among different centres in daily clinical practice. Objectives: The aim of this study is to present a picture of epidemiological, clinical characteristics, outcomes, and the real-life practice in terms of management in several academic and non-academic centres in Italy. Methods: Data on the clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up, treatments, frequency of relapses, and long-term outcomes were retrospectively collected in a cohort of AIP patients diagnosed at 14 centres in Italy. Results: One hundred and six patients were classified as type 1 AIP, 48 as type 2 AIP, and 19 as not otherwise specified. Epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and serological characteristics, and relapses were similar to those previously reported for different types of AIP. Endoscopic cytohistology was available in 46.2% of cases, and diagnostic for AIP in only 35.2%. Steroid trial to aid diagnosis was administered in 43.3% cases, and effective in 93.3%. Steroid therapy was used in 70.5% of cases, and effective in 92.6% of patients. Maintenance therapy with low dose of steroid (MST) was prescribed in 25.4% of cases at a mean dose of 5 (±1.4) mg/die, and median time of MST was 60 days. Immunosuppressive drugs were rarely used (10.9%), and rituximab in 1.7%. Faecal elastase-1 was evaluated in only 31.2% of patients, and was pathological in 59.2%. Conclusions: In this cohort of AIP patients, diagnosis and classification for subtype was frequently possible, confirming the different characteristics of AIP1 and AIP2 previously reported. Nevertheless, we observed a low use of histology and steroid trial for a diagnosis of AIP. Steroid treatment was the most used therapy in our cohort. Immunosuppressants and rituximab were rarely used. The evaluation of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is underemployed considering its high prevalence. © Author(s) 2020.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-715
Number of pages11
JournalUnited Eur. Gastroenterol. J.
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Autoimmune pancreatitis
  • endoscopic ultrasound
  • fine needle aspiration/biopsy
  • pancreatic insufficiency
  • steroid trial
  • azathioprine
  • elastase
  • immunoglobulin G4
  • methotrexate
  • prednisone
  • rituximab
  • adult
  • anorexia
  • Article
  • autoimmune pancreatitis
  • body mass
  • body weight loss
  • clinical feature
  • comorbidity
  • computer assisted tomography
  • echography
  • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • endoscopic ultrasonography
  • epigastric pain
  • female
  • histology
  • human
  • jaundice
  • low back pain
  • maintenance therapy
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • middle aged
  • multicenter study
  • nausea
  • nuclear magnetic resonance imaging
  • prevalence
  • priority journal
  • relapse
  • retrospective study
  • steroid therapy

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