Background: Challenging surgical cases are becoming more and more frequent, making the optimization of decision making process and an accurate preoperative planning mandatory in order to improve postoperative outcomes. Aims: Here we present an original multidisciplinary approach aimed at optimizing decision making in a peculiar case of double aortic arch (DAA) presenting in an adult patient. Materials and Methods: Following the diagnosis of DAA, based on conventional exams, a three steps engineering simulation was adopted including: a) three-dimensional (3D) rapid prototype simulation; b) computational fluid-dynamic analysis; c) 3D virtual simulation of surgical exposure. Results: Based on careful evaluation of such simulations we were able to identify optimal anatomical and functional surgical options, along with the optimal surgical approach. Discussion: In peculiar clinical case, a significant step forward to optimize preoperative surgical planning could be obtained applying current available engineering techniques. Conclusion: We do believe that a multidisciplinary approach could become mandatory, in challenging cases, to optimize preoperative planning and outcomes.
- computational analysis
- double aortic arch
- tracheal compression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine