Multidrug chemotherapy in the treatment of non-elderly patients with hormone-refractory prostatic carcinoma. A phase II study

A. Veronesi, G. Lo Re, S. Foladore, A. Merlo, N. Giuliotto, R. Talamini, S. Monfardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The effectiveness of a chemotherapy regimen including cisplatin, epirubicin, and estramustine phosphate was evaluated in a series of young patients with prostate cancer. Methods: 28 patients with a histological diagnosis of prostatic carcinoma, age <70 years, performance status (PS) <2, hormone-refractory status, life expectancy > 3 months, were treated with cisplatin 60 mg/m2 i.v. and epirubicin 60 mg/m2 i.v. every 3 weeks for six cycles. Estramustine phosphate was administered at a dosage of 10 mg/kg p.o. in two divided daily doses during intravenous chemotherapy and until progression thereafter. The response was assessed after three cycles of chemotherapy, evaluating again the disease parameters. In case of partial remission or stable disease, treatment was continued for three additional cycles. The median age was 61.5 years, the median PS was 70. Results: 11 partial remissions, 13 patients with stable disease, and 4 progressions were noted. The response rate (only partial remissions) was 39% (95% confidence limits 21-57%). The median duration of the partial remissions) was 11 (range 6-25) months. A subjective improvement of symptoms was observed in 17 of 19 patients. Toxicity was acceptable with no deaths. The median overall survival was 15 months. Conclusions: The combination studied had activity in young prostate cancer patients, and our results suggest that this subset of patients needs specifically devised chemotherapy regimens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-438
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume29
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Hormone refractoriness, prostate cancer
  • Multidrug chemotherapy
  • Prostate cancer, 'non-elderly' patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multidrug chemotherapy in the treatment of non-elderly patients with hormone-refractory prostatic carcinoma. A phase II study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this