Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia

Alessandro Bartoloni, Lucia Pallecchi, Marta Benedetti, Connie Fernandez, Yolanda Vallejos, Elisa Guzman, Ana Liz Villagran, Antonia Mantella, Chiara Lucchetti, Filippo Bartalesi, Marianne Strohmeyer, Angela Bechini, Herlan Gamboa, Hugo Rodríguez, Torkel Falkenberg, Göran Kronvall, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Franco Paradisi, Gian Maria Rossolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using a rapid screening method, we investigated the prevalence in fecal carriage of antimicrobial drug-resistant Escherichia coli in 3,174 healthy children from 4 urban settings in Peru and Bolivia. High resistance rates were observed for ampicillin (95%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (94%), tetracycline (93%), streptomycin (82%), and chloramphenicol (70%). Lower resistance rates were observed for nalidixic acid (35%), kanamycin (28%), gentamicin (21%), and ciprofloxacin (18%); resistance to ceftriaxone and amikacin was uncommon (TEM, tet(A), tet(B), drfA8, sul1, sul2, and catI. These findings underscore the magnitude of the problem of antimicrobial drug resistance in low-resource settings and the urgent need for surveillance and control of this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-913
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Bolivia
Nalidixic Acid
Peru
Kanamycin
Amikacin
Ceftriaxone
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Streptomycin
Chloramphenicol
Ampicillin
Ciprofloxacin
Microbial Drug Resistance
Gentamicins
Tetracycline
Escherichia coli
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Bartoloni, A., Pallecchi, L., Benedetti, M., Fernandez, C., Vallejos, Y., Guzman, E., ... Rossolini, G. M. (2006). Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(6), 907-913.

Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia. / Bartoloni, Alessandro; Pallecchi, Lucia; Benedetti, Marta; Fernandez, Connie; Vallejos, Yolanda; Guzman, Elisa; Villagran, Ana Liz; Mantella, Antonia; Lucchetti, Chiara; Bartalesi, Filippo; Strohmeyer, Marianne; Bechini, Angela; Gamboa, Herlan; Rodríguez, Hugo; Falkenberg, Torkel; Kronvall, Göran; Gotuzzo, Eduardo; Paradisi, Franco; Rossolini, Gian Maria.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2006, p. 907-913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bartoloni, A, Pallecchi, L, Benedetti, M, Fernandez, C, Vallejos, Y, Guzman, E, Villagran, AL, Mantella, A, Lucchetti, C, Bartalesi, F, Strohmeyer, M, Bechini, A, Gamboa, H, Rodríguez, H, Falkenberg, T, Kronvall, G, Gotuzzo, E, Paradisi, F & Rossolini, GM 2006, 'Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 907-913.
Bartoloni A, Pallecchi L, Benedetti M, Fernandez C, Vallejos Y, Guzman E et al. Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(6):907-913.
Bartoloni, Alessandro ; Pallecchi, Lucia ; Benedetti, Marta ; Fernandez, Connie ; Vallejos, Yolanda ; Guzman, Elisa ; Villagran, Ana Liz ; Mantella, Antonia ; Lucchetti, Chiara ; Bartalesi, Filippo ; Strohmeyer, Marianne ; Bechini, Angela ; Gamboa, Herlan ; Rodríguez, Hugo ; Falkenberg, Torkel ; Kronvall, Göran ; Gotuzzo, Eduardo ; Paradisi, Franco ; Rossolini, Gian Maria. / Multidrug-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in children, Peru and Bolivia. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 907-913.
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