By means of multimodal evoked potentials (EPs), we evaluated the central nervous system (CNS) involvement in 25 subjects suffering from myotonic dystrophy: brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs), middle-latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) from the upper limb were performed on all subjects, whereas only the 19 patients, whose clinical ocular abnormalities were slight, underwent pattern-electroretinograms (PERGs) and pattern visual-evoked potentials (VEPs) in order to identify the site of lesion among visual pathways (retinal and/or retroretinal). PERGs were abnormal in 8/19 subjects, VEPs in 8/19 subjects (the two techniques were simultaneously abnormal in 8 eyes), BAEPs in 7/25 subjects, MLAEPs in 4/25 subjects (in one subject both BAEps and MLAEPs were abnormal) and SEPs were abnormal in 1/25 subjects. 13/25 of our subjects showed at least one EP that revealed a CNS involvement. The electrophysiological alterations were not correlated either with subject age or with disease duration. Multimodal EPs enabled us to demonstrate that CNS involvement in myotonic dystrophy is important and mainly affects the visual and auditory system.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Neurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- evoked potentials
- myotonic dystrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology