Multimodal non-invasive assessment of intracranial hypertension: an observational study

C. Robba, S. Pozzebon, B. Moro, J.-L. Vincent, J. Creteur, F.S. Taccone

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although placement of an intra-cerebral catheter remains the gold standard method for measuring intracranial pressure (ICP), several non-invasive techniques can provide useful estimates. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of four non-invasive methods to assess intracranial hypertension. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data on adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in whom invasive ICP monitoring had been initiated and estimates had been simultaneously collected from the following non-invasive indices: optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), pulsatility index (PI), estimated ICP (eICP) using transcranial Doppler, and the neurological pupil index (NPI) measured using automated pupillometry. Intracranial hypertension was defined as an invasively measured ICP > 20 mmHg. RESULTS: We studied 100 patients (TBI = 30; SAH = 47; ICH = 23) with a median age of 52 years. The median invasively measured ICP was 17 [12-25] mmHg and intracranial hypertension was present in 37 patients. Median values from the non-invasive techniques were ONSD 5.2 [4.8-5.8] mm, PI 1.1 [0.9-1.4], eICP 21 [14-29] mmHg, and NPI 4.2 [3.8-4.6]. There was a significant correlation between all the non-invasive techniques and invasive ICP (ONSD, r = 0.54; PI, r = 0.50; eICP, r = 0.61; NPI, r = - 0.41-p 
Original languageEnglish
JournalCrit Care
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ARTICOLO
  • NEUROSCIENZE
  • RIS

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