Multimodality therapy approaches, local and systemic treatment, compared with chemotherapy alone in recurrent glioblastoma

Marta Scorsetti, Pierina Navarria, Federico Pessina, Anna Maria Ascolese, Giuseppe D'Agostino, Stefano Tomatis, Fiorenza De Rose, Elisa Villa, Giulia Maggi, Matteo Simonelli, Elena Clerici, Riccardo Soffietti, Armando Santoro, Luca Cozzi, Lorenzo Bello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Long-term local control in Glioblastoma is rarely achieved and nearly all patients relapse. In this study we evaluated the clinical effect of different treatment approaches in recurrent patients. Methods: Forty-three patients, with median age of 51years were evaluated for salvage treatment: re-resection and/or re-irradiation plus chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. Response was recorded using the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria. Hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities were graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0. Twenty-one patients underwent chemotherapy combined with local treatment, surgery and/or radiation therapy, and 22 underwent chemotherapy only. Results: The median follow up was 7months (range 3-28 months). The 1 and 2-years Progression Free Survival was 65 and 10% for combined treatment and 22 and 0% for chemotherapy alone (p <0.01). The 1 and 2-years overall survival was 69 and 29% for combined and 26 and 0% for chemotherapy alone (p <0.01). No toxicity greater than grade 2 was recorded. Conclusion: These data showed that in glioblastoma recurrence the combination of several approaches in a limited group of patients is more effective than a single treatment alone. This stress the importance of multimodality treatment whenever clinically feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number486
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2015

Keywords

  • Glioblastoma
  • Recurrence
  • Retreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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