Multimodality treatment of unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: Interim analysis of a phase II trial with preoperative gemcitabine and concurrent radiotherapy

Domenico Galetta, Alfredo Cesario, Stefano Margaritora, Venanzio Porziella, Alessio Piraino, Rolando M. D'Angelillo, Maria A. Gambacorta, Sara Ramella, Lucio Trodella, Salvatore Valente, Giuseppe M. Corbo, Giuseppe Macis, Antonino Mulè, Vittorio Cardaci, Silvia Sterzi, Pierluigi Granone, Patrizia Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We report the preliminary results of a phase II trial undertaken to determine the feasibility and efficacy of gemcitabine and concurrent radiotherapy in patients with inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: Between February 2001 and June 2003, a total of 46 patients (37 male and 9 female, median age 64 years) with clinical stage III non-small cell lung cancer (41 cIIIA and 5 cIIIB) were enrolled in a combined chemoradiation protocol with gemcitabine as the chemotherapeutic agent. Gemcitabine (350 mg/m2) was administered weekly for 5 consecutive weeks as a 30-minute intravenous infusion before radiotherapy (total dose 50.4 Gy, 1.8 Gy/d). Toxicity was routinely assessed. Those patients with disease judged to be resectable at restaging underwent surgery. Results: Toxicity was moderate, with the exception of 1 grade 3 thrombocytopenia. All but 5 patients were available for restaging. No complete responses were observed. Thirty-four patients (82.9%) had partial responses, 5 (12.2%) had stable disease, and 2 (4.9%) had progressive disease. Twenty-nine of 46 patients (63%, 27 cIIIA and 2 cIIIB) underwent surgery. Radical resection was possible in all cases. Surgery included 17 lobectomies, 4 bilobectomies, and 8 pneumonectomies. There were no deaths. Morbidity was 13.8% (4/29). Pathologic downstaging to stage 0 or I was observed in 18 patients (39%, 18/46). After a median follow-up of 13 months (range 2-28 months), 24 of the patients who had undergone operation (86.2%) were alive, with a median disease-free survival of 16 months. Overall 2-year survival was 66.1%, with a significant difference between resected and unresected disease (82% vs 36%, P = .0002). Conclusion: The results of this induction trial confirm the feasibility and the efficacy of gemcitabine with concurrent radiotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume131
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multimodality treatment of unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: Interim analysis of a phase II trial with preoperative gemcitabine and concurrent radiotherapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this