Multiorgan autoimmunity in a Turner syndrome patient with partial monosomy 2q and trisomy 10p

Armando Grossi, Alessia Palma, Ginevra Zanni, Antonio Novelli, Sara Loddo, Marco Cappa, Alessandra Fierabracci

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Abstract

Turner syndrome is a condition caused by numeric and structural abnormalities of the X chromosome, and is characterized by a series of clinical features, the most common being short stature and gonadal dysgenesis. An increased frequency of autoimmune diseases as well as an elevated incidence of autoantibodies has been observed in Turner patients.We present a unique case of mosaic Turner syndrome with a complex rearrangement consisting of a partial deletion of chromosome 2q and duplication of chromosome 10p {[46],XX,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter. →. 2q37::10p13. →. 10pter)[127]/45,X,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter. →. 2q37::10p13. →. 10pter)[23]}. The patient is affected by partial empty sella, in association with a group of multiorgan autoimmunity-related manifestations including Hashimoto's thyroiditis, celiac disease, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes, T1D), possible autoimmune inner ear disease with sensorineural deficit, preclinical Addison disease and alopecia universalis. The patient was previously described at the age of 2.4. years and now re-evaluated at the age of 14. years after she developed autoimmune conditions. AIRE gene screening revealed heterozygous c.834 C>G polymorphism (p.Ser278Arg) and IVS9+6G>A variation, thus likely excluding autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome Type 1 (APECED). Heterozygous R620W polymorphism of the protein tyrosine phosphatase non receptor type 22 (. PTPN22) gene was detected in patient's DNA. SNP-array analysis revealed that autoimmunity-related genes could be affected by the partial monosomy 2q and trisomy 10p.These data suggest that early genetic analysis in TS patients with complex associations of multiorgan autoimmune manifestations would permit a precise diagnostic classification and also be an indicator for undiscovered pathogenetic mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-443
Number of pages5
JournalGene
Volume515
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2013

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Keywords

  • AIRE polymorphism
  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome
  • PTPN22 polymorphism
  • SNP-array analysis
  • X chromosome condition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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