L'ecocardiografia transesofagea multiplana per il monitoraggio di interventi di cardiochirurgia.

Translated title of the contribution: Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography for the monitoring of cardiac surgery

M. Pepi, P. Barbier, E. Doria, G. Tamborini, M. Berti, M. Muratori, M. Guazzi, A. Maltagliati, M. Alimento, F. Celeste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) allows visualization of the heart and great vessels through an infinite number of imaging planes and improves the diagnostic capabilities of mono and biplane TEE. This study was undertaken to test whether MTEE is a useful intraoperative monitoring method during cardiac surgery. Intraoperative multiplane TEE was performed in 200 patients (mean age 56 +/- 19 years) as a part of the routine clinical care. We systematically acquired cardiac images from the gastric fundus (short and long axes of the ventricles), lower esophagus (four-chamber, two-chamber, and long axis), upper esophagus (13 views concerning the aorta, pulmonary artery, left and right atrium, systemic and pulmonary veins, coronary arteries, right ventricular outflow tract), and searched for complete views of the thoracic descending aorta. All views analyzed in the preoperative (immediately before cardiopulmonary bypass), intraoperative and postoperative phases evaluating: the angle between current and 0 degree at which each view was obtained; the success rate of each view; the usefulness of the different views in providing essential additional clinical information compared to 0 degrees and 90 degrees of the traditional biplane TEE. Most views of the heart and great vessels were visualized in oblique planes, and other views were significantly improved thanks to slight angle corrections. Multiplane TEE was particularly useful in the preoperative and postoperative phases of aortic dissection (11 cases), mitral valve repair (13 cases), left ventricular aneurysmectomy (9 cases), right atrial thrombosis (1 case), positioning of left ventricular hemopump (2 cases), mitral-aortic endocarditis (3 cases), bleeding from proximal suture of an aortic heterograft (1 case).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionMultiplane transesophageal echocardiography for the monitoring of cardiac surgery
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)557-563
Number of pages7
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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