CHRNA5 gene expression variation may play a role in individual susceptibility to lung cancer. Analysis of CHRNA5 transcripts expressed in normal lung tissue detected the full-length transcript (isoform-1) and four splicing transcripts (isoform-2 to isoform- 5), derived from the recognition of other splice sites in exon 5. Isoforms-2, -3 and -4 were found by protein modeling to form a completely folded, potentially functional extracellular domain and were observed at the protein level, whereas isoform-5 lacked a consistent part of the distorted æ sandwich and was not seen at the protein level. Only isoform-1 appeared to encode a complete, functional subunit able to fulfill the ion channel function. We previously reported that CHRNA5 expression is associated with genetic polymorphisms at this locus and that three haplotypes in its promoter region show functional regulation in vitro. Analysis of differential allelic expression (DAE) of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs503464, rs55853698 and rs55781567) tagging the expression haplotypes of the CHRNA5 promoter indicated statistically significant DAE at rs55853698 and rs55781567, in both normal lung and lung adenocarcinoma. Overall, our findings provide evidence for the presence of multiple CHRNA5 messenger RNA (mRNA) isoforms that may modulate the multimeric nicotine receptor and cis-regulatory variations in the CHRNA5 locus that act in vivo in the control of CHRNA5 mRNA expression, in normal lung tissue and in lung adenocarcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research