Background: We describe a simple tetra-primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR (T-ARMS-PCR) for detecting MUTYH mutations, which are associated with colorectal adenomas and colorectal cancer. Methods: We designed specific T-ARMS-PCR assays for 6 mutations (Y165C, G382D, 1395_7delGGA, Y90X, 1103delC, and R231H) selected on the basis of the frequency of their occurrence. We also designed a set of 3 multiplex T-ARMS PCR assays, each for detection of 2 mutations. We tested DNA samples from patients with attenuated or classic adenomatous polyposis coli and no detectable APC germline mutations. Results: All mutations were easily detected with both the specific and multiplex T-ARMS-PCR assays. Results were confirmed by DNA HPLC analysis in all 54 patients, and each mutation was confirmed by direct DNA sequencing. Conclusions: T-ARMS-PCR does not require any special equipment, and it provides rapid, reproducible, and cost-effective detection of common MUTYH mutations. Multiplex T-ARMS-PCR allows the detection of 6 common MUTYH mutations with use of as few as 3 single tube PCR reactions. It could be useful to carry out large population-based epidemiologic studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry