Multiscale analysis of short term heart beat interval, arterial blood pressure, and instantaneous lung volume time series

Leonardo Angelini, Roberto Maestri, Daniele Marinazzo, Luigi Nitti, Mario Pellicoro, Gian Domenico Pinna, Sebastiano Stramaglia, Salvatore A. Tupputi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Motivations: Physiological systems are ruled by mechanisms operating across multiple temporal scales. A recently proposed approach, multiscale entropy analysis, measures the complexity at different time scales and has been successfully applied to long term electrocardiographic recordings. The purpose of this work is to show the applicability of this methodology, rooted on statistical physics ideas, to short term time series of simultaneously acquired samples of heart rate, blood pressure and lung volume, from healthy subjects and from subjects with chronic heart failure. In the same spirit, we also propose a multiscale approach, to evaluate interactions between time series, by performing a multivariate autoregressive (AR) modeling of the coarse grained time series. Methods: We apply the multiscale entropy analysis to our data set of short term recordings. Concerning the multiscale version of the multivariate AR approach, we apply it to the four dimensional time series so as to detect scale dependent patterns of interactions between the physiological quantities. Results: Evaluating the complexity of signals at the multiple time scales inherent in physiologic dynamics, we find new quantitative indicators which are statistically correlated with the pathology. Our results show that multiscale entropy calculated on all the measured quantities significantly differs (P <1 0- 2 and less) in patients and control subjects, and confirms the complexity-loss theory of aging and disease. Also applying the multiscale autoregressive approach significant differences were found between controls and patients; in the sight of finding a possible diagnostic tools, satisfactory results came also from a receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis (with some values above 0.8). Conclusions: The multiscale entropy analysis can give useful information also when only short term physiological recordings are at disposal, thus enlarging the applicability of the methodology. Also the proposed multiscale version of the multivariate regressive analysis, applied to short term time series, can shed light on patterns of interactions between cardiorespiratory variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-250
Number of pages14
JournalArtificial Intelligence in Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007


  • Autoregressive models
  • Multiscale entropy analysis
  • Physiological time series

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Medicine(all)


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