Targeted therapies have profoundly changed the clinical prospect in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. In particular, the anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab represents the gold standard for the treatment of HER2+ breast cancer patients. Its contribution in dampening cancer progression is mainly attributed to the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) rather than HER2 blockade. Here, multiple half chains of trastuzumab were conjugated onto magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNP-HC) to develop target-specific and biologically active nanosystems to enhance anti-HER2 therapeutic potential. HER2 targeting was assessed in different human breast cancer cell lines, where nanoparticles triggered site-specific phosphorylation in the catalytic domain of the receptor and cellular uptake by endocytosis. MNP-HC induced remarkable antiproliferative effect in HER2+ breast cancer cells, exhibiting enhanced activity compared to free drug. Accordingly, nanoparticles induced p27kip1 expression and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase, without loosing capability to prime ADCC. Finally, MNP-HC affected viability of trastuzumab-resistant cells, suggesting interference with the resistance machinery. Our findings indicate that multiple arrangement of trastuzumab half chain on the nanoparticle surface enhances anticancer efficacy in HER2+ breast cancer cells. Powerful inhibition of HER2 signaling could promote responsiveness of resistant cells, thus suggesting ways for drug sensitization.