Multivariable model for predicting acute oral mucositis during combined IMRT and chemotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer patients

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Oral and oropharyngeal mucositis (OM) represents amultifactorialand complexinterplayof patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors. We aimed to build a predictive model for acute OM for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients by combining clinical and dosimetric factors.

MATERIALS/METHODS: A series of consecutive NPC patients treated curatively with IMRT/VMAT + chemotherapy at 70 Gy (2-2.12 Gy/fr) was considered. For each patient, clinical- tumor- and treatment-related data were retrospectively collected. oral cavity (OC) and parotid glands (PG, considered as a single organ) were selected as organs-at-risk (OARs). Acute OM was assessed according to CTCAE v4.0 at baseline and weekly during RT. Two endpoints were considered: grade ≥3 and mean grade ≥1.5. DVHs were reduced to Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD). Dosimetric and clinical/treatment features selected via LASSO were inserted into a multivariable logistic model. Goodness of fit was evaluated through Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration plot.

RESULTS: Data were collected for 132 patients. G ≥ 3 and mean G ≥ 1.5 OM were reported in 40 patients (30%). Analyses resulted in a 3-variables model for G ≥ 3 OM, including OC EUD with n = 0.05 (OR = 1.02), PG EUD with n = 1 (OR = 1.06), BMI ≥ 30 (OR = 3.8, for obese patients), and a single variable model for mean G ≥ 1.5 OM, i.e. OC EUD with n = 1 (mean dose) (OR = 1.07). Calibration was good in both cases.

CONCLUSION: OC mean dose was found to impact most on OM duration (mean G ≥ 1.5), while G ≥ 3 OM was associated to a synergic effect between PG mean dose and high dose received by small OC volumes, with BMI acting as a dose-modifying factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-272
Number of pages7
JournalOral Oncology
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Stomatitis
Mucositis
Drug Therapy
Mouth
Calibration
Organs at Risk
Parotid Gland
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
Logistic Models

Cite this

@article{9ff2b601b15e4d528d8a3826b5d9d8d8,
title = "Multivariable model for predicting acute oral mucositis during combined IMRT and chemotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer patients",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Oral and oropharyngeal mucositis (OM) represents amultifactorialand complexinterplayof patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors. We aimed to build a predictive model for acute OM for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients by combining clinical and dosimetric factors.MATERIALS/METHODS: A series of consecutive NPC patients treated curatively with IMRT/VMAT + chemotherapy at 70 Gy (2-2.12 Gy/fr) was considered. For each patient, clinical- tumor- and treatment-related data were retrospectively collected. oral cavity (OC) and parotid glands (PG, considered as a single organ) were selected as organs-at-risk (OARs). Acute OM was assessed according to CTCAE v4.0 at baseline and weekly during RT. Two endpoints were considered: grade ≥3 and mean grade ≥1.5. DVHs were reduced to Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD). Dosimetric and clinical/treatment features selected via LASSO were inserted into a multivariable logistic model. Goodness of fit was evaluated through Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration plot.RESULTS: Data were collected for 132 patients. G ≥ 3 and mean G ≥ 1.5 OM were reported in 40 patients (30{\%}). Analyses resulted in a 3-variables model for G ≥ 3 OM, including OC EUD with n = 0.05 (OR = 1.02), PG EUD with n = 1 (OR = 1.06), BMI ≥ 30 (OR = 3.8, for obese patients), and a single variable model for mean G ≥ 1.5 OM, i.e. OC EUD with n = 1 (mean dose) (OR = 1.07). Calibration was good in both cases.CONCLUSION: OC mean dose was found to impact most on OM duration (mean G ≥ 1.5), while G ≥ 3 OM was associated to a synergic effect between PG mean dose and high dose received by small OC volumes, with BMI acting as a dose-modifying factor.",
author = "Ester Orlandi and Iacovelli, {Nicola Alessandro} and Tiziana Rancati and Alessandro Cicchetti and Paolo Bossi and Emanuele Pignoli and Cristiana Bergamini and Lisa Licitra and Carlo Fallai and Riccardo Valdagni and Anna Cavallo",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.10.006",
language = "English",
volume = "86",
pages = "266--272",
journal = "Oral Oncology",
issn = "1368-8375",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multivariable model for predicting acute oral mucositis during combined IMRT and chemotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal cancer patients

AU - Orlandi, Ester

AU - Iacovelli, Nicola Alessandro

AU - Rancati, Tiziana

AU - Cicchetti, Alessandro

AU - Bossi, Paolo

AU - Pignoli, Emanuele

AU - Bergamini, Cristiana

AU - Licitra, Lisa

AU - Fallai, Carlo

AU - Valdagni, Riccardo

AU - Cavallo, Anna

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Oral and oropharyngeal mucositis (OM) represents amultifactorialand complexinterplayof patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors. We aimed to build a predictive model for acute OM for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients by combining clinical and dosimetric factors.MATERIALS/METHODS: A series of consecutive NPC patients treated curatively with IMRT/VMAT + chemotherapy at 70 Gy (2-2.12 Gy/fr) was considered. For each patient, clinical- tumor- and treatment-related data were retrospectively collected. oral cavity (OC) and parotid glands (PG, considered as a single organ) were selected as organs-at-risk (OARs). Acute OM was assessed according to CTCAE v4.0 at baseline and weekly during RT. Two endpoints were considered: grade ≥3 and mean grade ≥1.5. DVHs were reduced to Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD). Dosimetric and clinical/treatment features selected via LASSO were inserted into a multivariable logistic model. Goodness of fit was evaluated through Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration plot.RESULTS: Data were collected for 132 patients. G ≥ 3 and mean G ≥ 1.5 OM were reported in 40 patients (30%). Analyses resulted in a 3-variables model for G ≥ 3 OM, including OC EUD with n = 0.05 (OR = 1.02), PG EUD with n = 1 (OR = 1.06), BMI ≥ 30 (OR = 3.8, for obese patients), and a single variable model for mean G ≥ 1.5 OM, i.e. OC EUD with n = 1 (mean dose) (OR = 1.07). Calibration was good in both cases.CONCLUSION: OC mean dose was found to impact most on OM duration (mean G ≥ 1.5), while G ≥ 3 OM was associated to a synergic effect between PG mean dose and high dose received by small OC volumes, with BMI acting as a dose-modifying factor.

AB - INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Oral and oropharyngeal mucositis (OM) represents amultifactorialand complexinterplayof patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors. We aimed to build a predictive model for acute OM for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients by combining clinical and dosimetric factors.MATERIALS/METHODS: A series of consecutive NPC patients treated curatively with IMRT/VMAT + chemotherapy at 70 Gy (2-2.12 Gy/fr) was considered. For each patient, clinical- tumor- and treatment-related data were retrospectively collected. oral cavity (OC) and parotid glands (PG, considered as a single organ) were selected as organs-at-risk (OARs). Acute OM was assessed according to CTCAE v4.0 at baseline and weekly during RT. Two endpoints were considered: grade ≥3 and mean grade ≥1.5. DVHs were reduced to Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD). Dosimetric and clinical/treatment features selected via LASSO were inserted into a multivariable logistic model. Goodness of fit was evaluated through Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration plot.RESULTS: Data were collected for 132 patients. G ≥ 3 and mean G ≥ 1.5 OM were reported in 40 patients (30%). Analyses resulted in a 3-variables model for G ≥ 3 OM, including OC EUD with n = 0.05 (OR = 1.02), PG EUD with n = 1 (OR = 1.06), BMI ≥ 30 (OR = 3.8, for obese patients), and a single variable model for mean G ≥ 1.5 OM, i.e. OC EUD with n = 1 (mean dose) (OR = 1.07). Calibration was good in both cases.CONCLUSION: OC mean dose was found to impact most on OM duration (mean G ≥ 1.5), while G ≥ 3 OM was associated to a synergic effect between PG mean dose and high dose received by small OC volumes, with BMI acting as a dose-modifying factor.

U2 - 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.10.006

DO - 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2018.10.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 30409311

VL - 86

SP - 266

EP - 272

JO - Oral Oncology

JF - Oral Oncology

SN - 1368-8375

ER -