We describe a murine IgG1 monoclonal antibody (MAb56), specific for a cell-surface protein structure (MC56 determinant) expressed by the human CEM cell line. A large band of approximately 90 kDa was identified as the main specific component of the MC56 determinant. Such a 90-kDa protein is significantly associated with the drug-sensitive phenotype, its expression being progressively reduced quantitatively in multi-drug-resistant (MDR) variants of CEM cells, according to the extent of drug resistance. In addition, the MC56 determinant is expressed de novo in drug-sensitive revertant cell lines derived from MDR cells and unreactive with the MAb56. The MAb56 shows a high affinity towards the immunizing drug-sensitive CEM cell line (Ka = 1.86 x 109 L/mole) while not binding to MDR cell variants. The expression of the MC56 molecule on a variety of human cells and tissues makes such a cellular determinant a candidate as a marker for studying the MDR phenomenon both in vivo and in vitro.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research