Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation induces Ca2+ mobilization and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition in eel enterocytes

A. Muscella, S. Greco, M. G. Elia, E. Jiménez, C. Storelli, S. Marsigliante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of carbachol (Cch) on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in eel enterocytes was examined using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2. Cch caused a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i, with an initial spike followed by a progressively decreasing level (over 6 min) to the initial, pre-stimulated, level. The effect of Cch was dose-dependent with a 7.5-fold increase in [Ca2+]i over basal level induced by the maximal dose of Cch (100 μM). In Ca2+-free/EGTA buffer the effect of Cch was less pronounced and the [Ca2+]i returned rapidly to basal levels. The increment of [Ca2+]i was dose-dependently attenuated in cells pre-treated with U73122, a specific inhibitor of phospholipase C, suggesting that the Cch-stimulated increment of [Ca2+]i required inositol triphosphate formation. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, thapsigargin (TG), a specific microsomal Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, caused a sustained rise in [Ca2+]i whereas in Ca2+-free medium the increase in [Ca2+]i was transient; in both cases, subsequent addition of Cch was without effect. When 2 mM CaCl2 were added to the cells stimulated with TG or with Cch in Ca2+-free medium, a rapid increase in [Ca2+]i was detected, corresponding to the capacitative Ca2+ entry. Thus, both TG and Cch depleted intracellular Ca2+ stores and stimulated influx of extracellular Ca2+ consistent with capacitative Ca2+ entry. K+ depolarization obtained with increasing concentrations of KCl in the extracellular medium induced a dose-related increase in [Ca2+]i which was blocked by 2 μM nifedipine, a non-specific L-type Ca2+ channel blocker. Nifedipine also changed significantly the height of the Ca2+ transient, and the rate of decrement to the pre-stimulated [Ca2+]i level, indicating that Ca2+ entry into enterocytes also occurs through an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel pathway. We also show that isolated enterocytes stimulated with increasing Cch concentrations (0.1-1000 μM) showed a dose-dependent inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase activity. The threshold decrease was at 1 μM Cch; it reached a maximum at 100 μM (50.5% inhibition) and did not decrease further with the use of higher dose. The effect of Cch on Na+/K+-ATPase activity was dependent on both protein kinase C (PKC) and protein phosphatase calcineurin activation since the PKC inhibitor calphostin C abolished Cch effects, while the calcineurin inhibitor FK506 augmented Cch effect. Collectively, these data established a functional pathway by which Cch can modulate the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase through a PKC-dependent (calphostin C-sensitive) pathway and a calcineurin-dependent (FK506-sensitive) pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-334
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume173
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Eels
Enterocytes
Carbachol
Muscarinic Receptors
Thapsigargin
Protein Kinase C
Calcineurin
sodium-translocating ATPase
Tacrolimus
Nifedipine
L-Type Calcium Channels
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Protein C Inhibitor
Fura-2
Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
Egtazic Acid
Type C Phospholipases
Inositol
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation induces Ca2+ mobilization and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition in eel enterocytes. / Muscella, A.; Greco, S.; Elia, M. G.; Jiménez, E.; Storelli, C.; Marsigliante, S.

In: Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 173, No. 2, 2002, p. 325-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muscella, A. ; Greco, S. ; Elia, M. G. ; Jiménez, E. ; Storelli, C. ; Marsigliante, S. / Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation induces Ca2+ mobilization and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition in eel enterocytes. In: Journal of Endocrinology. 2002 ; Vol. 173, No. 2. pp. 325-334.
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abstract = "The effect of carbachol (Cch) on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in eel enterocytes was examined using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2. Cch caused a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i, with an initial spike followed by a progressively decreasing level (over 6 min) to the initial, pre-stimulated, level. The effect of Cch was dose-dependent with a 7.5-fold increase in [Ca2+]i over basal level induced by the maximal dose of Cch (100 μM). In Ca2+-free/EGTA buffer the effect of Cch was less pronounced and the [Ca2+]i returned rapidly to basal levels. The increment of [Ca2+]i was dose-dependently attenuated in cells pre-treated with U73122, a specific inhibitor of phospholipase C, suggesting that the Cch-stimulated increment of [Ca2+]i required inositol triphosphate formation. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, thapsigargin (TG), a specific microsomal Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, caused a sustained rise in [Ca2+]i whereas in Ca2+-free medium the increase in [Ca2+]i was transient; in both cases, subsequent addition of Cch was without effect. When 2 mM CaCl2 were added to the cells stimulated with TG or with Cch in Ca2+-free medium, a rapid increase in [Ca2+]i was detected, corresponding to the capacitative Ca2+ entry. Thus, both TG and Cch depleted intracellular Ca2+ stores and stimulated influx of extracellular Ca2+ consistent with capacitative Ca2+ entry. K+ depolarization obtained with increasing concentrations of KCl in the extracellular medium induced a dose-related increase in [Ca2+]i which was blocked by 2 μM nifedipine, a non-specific L-type Ca2+ channel blocker. Nifedipine also changed significantly the height of the Ca2+ transient, and the rate of decrement to the pre-stimulated [Ca2+]i level, indicating that Ca2+ entry into enterocytes also occurs through an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel pathway. We also show that isolated enterocytes stimulated with increasing Cch concentrations (0.1-1000 μM) showed a dose-dependent inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase activity. The threshold decrease was at 1 μM Cch; it reached a maximum at 100 μM (50.5{\%} inhibition) and did not decrease further with the use of higher dose. The effect of Cch on Na+/K+-ATPase activity was dependent on both protein kinase C (PKC) and protein phosphatase calcineurin activation since the PKC inhibitor calphostin C abolished Cch effects, while the calcineurin inhibitor FK506 augmented Cch effect. Collectively, these data established a functional pathway by which Cch can modulate the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase through a PKC-dependent (calphostin C-sensitive) pathway and a calcineurin-dependent (FK506-sensitive) pathway.",
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T1 - Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation induces Ca2+ mobilization and Na+/K+-ATPase activity inhibition in eel enterocytes

AU - Muscella, A.

AU - Greco, S.

AU - Elia, M. G.

AU - Jiménez, E.

AU - Storelli, C.

AU - Marsigliante, S.

PY - 2002

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N2 - The effect of carbachol (Cch) on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in eel enterocytes was examined using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2. Cch caused a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i, with an initial spike followed by a progressively decreasing level (over 6 min) to the initial, pre-stimulated, level. The effect of Cch was dose-dependent with a 7.5-fold increase in [Ca2+]i over basal level induced by the maximal dose of Cch (100 μM). In Ca2+-free/EGTA buffer the effect of Cch was less pronounced and the [Ca2+]i returned rapidly to basal levels. The increment of [Ca2+]i was dose-dependently attenuated in cells pre-treated with U73122, a specific inhibitor of phospholipase C, suggesting that the Cch-stimulated increment of [Ca2+]i required inositol triphosphate formation. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, thapsigargin (TG), a specific microsomal Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, caused a sustained rise in [Ca2+]i whereas in Ca2+-free medium the increase in [Ca2+]i was transient; in both cases, subsequent addition of Cch was without effect. When 2 mM CaCl2 were added to the cells stimulated with TG or with Cch in Ca2+-free medium, a rapid increase in [Ca2+]i was detected, corresponding to the capacitative Ca2+ entry. Thus, both TG and Cch depleted intracellular Ca2+ stores and stimulated influx of extracellular Ca2+ consistent with capacitative Ca2+ entry. K+ depolarization obtained with increasing concentrations of KCl in the extracellular medium induced a dose-related increase in [Ca2+]i which was blocked by 2 μM nifedipine, a non-specific L-type Ca2+ channel blocker. Nifedipine also changed significantly the height of the Ca2+ transient, and the rate of decrement to the pre-stimulated [Ca2+]i level, indicating that Ca2+ entry into enterocytes also occurs through an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel pathway. We also show that isolated enterocytes stimulated with increasing Cch concentrations (0.1-1000 μM) showed a dose-dependent inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase activity. The threshold decrease was at 1 μM Cch; it reached a maximum at 100 μM (50.5% inhibition) and did not decrease further with the use of higher dose. The effect of Cch on Na+/K+-ATPase activity was dependent on both protein kinase C (PKC) and protein phosphatase calcineurin activation since the PKC inhibitor calphostin C abolished Cch effects, while the calcineurin inhibitor FK506 augmented Cch effect. Collectively, these data established a functional pathway by which Cch can modulate the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase through a PKC-dependent (calphostin C-sensitive) pathway and a calcineurin-dependent (FK506-sensitive) pathway.

AB - The effect of carbachol (Cch) on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in eel enterocytes was examined using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2. Cch caused a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i, with an initial spike followed by a progressively decreasing level (over 6 min) to the initial, pre-stimulated, level. The effect of Cch was dose-dependent with a 7.5-fold increase in [Ca2+]i over basal level induced by the maximal dose of Cch (100 μM). In Ca2+-free/EGTA buffer the effect of Cch was less pronounced and the [Ca2+]i returned rapidly to basal levels. The increment of [Ca2+]i was dose-dependently attenuated in cells pre-treated with U73122, a specific inhibitor of phospholipase C, suggesting that the Cch-stimulated increment of [Ca2+]i required inositol triphosphate formation. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, thapsigargin (TG), a specific microsomal Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, caused a sustained rise in [Ca2+]i whereas in Ca2+-free medium the increase in [Ca2+]i was transient; in both cases, subsequent addition of Cch was without effect. When 2 mM CaCl2 were added to the cells stimulated with TG or with Cch in Ca2+-free medium, a rapid increase in [Ca2+]i was detected, corresponding to the capacitative Ca2+ entry. Thus, both TG and Cch depleted intracellular Ca2+ stores and stimulated influx of extracellular Ca2+ consistent with capacitative Ca2+ entry. K+ depolarization obtained with increasing concentrations of KCl in the extracellular medium induced a dose-related increase in [Ca2+]i which was blocked by 2 μM nifedipine, a non-specific L-type Ca2+ channel blocker. Nifedipine also changed significantly the height of the Ca2+ transient, and the rate of decrement to the pre-stimulated [Ca2+]i level, indicating that Ca2+ entry into enterocytes also occurs through an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel pathway. We also show that isolated enterocytes stimulated with increasing Cch concentrations (0.1-1000 μM) showed a dose-dependent inhibition of the Na+/K+-ATPase activity. The threshold decrease was at 1 μM Cch; it reached a maximum at 100 μM (50.5% inhibition) and did not decrease further with the use of higher dose. The effect of Cch on Na+/K+-ATPase activity was dependent on both protein kinase C (PKC) and protein phosphatase calcineurin activation since the PKC inhibitor calphostin C abolished Cch effects, while the calcineurin inhibitor FK506 augmented Cch effect. Collectively, these data established a functional pathway by which Cch can modulate the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase through a PKC-dependent (calphostin C-sensitive) pathway and a calcineurin-dependent (FK506-sensitive) pathway.

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