Muscle phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) deficiency in the first Caucasian patient: biochemistry, muscle culture and31P-MR spectroscopy

G. Vita, A. Toscano, N. Bresolin, G. Meola, F. Fortunato, A. Baradello, B. Barbiroli, C. Frassineti, P. Zaniol, C. Messina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Muscle phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) deficiency has been so far identified in only six patients, five of these being African Americans. We report the results of clinical, morphological, biochemical, muscle culture and31P-MR spectroscopy studies in the first Caucasian patient with muscle PGAM deficiency. A 23-year-old man had a 10-year history of cramps after physical exertion with one episode of pigmenturia. Neurological examination and EMG study were normal. ECG and echocardiography revealed hypertrophy of the interventricular septum and slight dilatation of the left chambers of the heart. Muscle biopsy revealed increased glycogen content and some accumulation of mitochondria. Muscle PGAM activity was markedly decreased (6.5% and 9.7% of control value in two different biopsies). Citrate synthase and other mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities were much higher than normal. In contrast to the marked decrease of PGAM activity observed in muscle biopsy, total enzyme activity in the patient's aneural muscle culture was normal, being represented exclusively by BB isoenzyme. The deficiency of PGAM-MM isoenzyme was reproduced in the patient's innervated muscle culture. Muscle31P-MR spectroscopy showed accumulation of phosphomonoesters only on fast "glycolytic" exercise. On "aerobic" exercise, Vmax, calculated from the work-energy cost transfer function, showed an increase consistent with the morphological and biochemical evidence of mitochondrial proliferation. This might represent a sort of compensatory aerobic effort in an attempt to restore muscle power.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-294
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1994


  • P-MR spectroscopy
  • Biochemistry
  • Muscle culture
  • Myopathy
  • PGAM deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Muscle phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) deficiency in the first Caucasian patient: biochemistry, muscle culture and31P-MR spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this