Azotobacter vinelandii RhdA uses thiosulfate as the only sulfur donor in vitro, and this apparent selectivity seems to be a unique property among the characterized sulfurtransferases. To investigate the basis of substrate recognition in RhdA, we replaced Thr-232 with either Ala or Lys. Thr-232 was the target of this study since the corresponding Lys-249 in bovine rhodanese has been identified as necessary for catalytic sulfur transfer, and replacement of Lys-249 with Ala fully inactivates bovine rhodanese. Both T232K and T232A mutants of RhdA showed significant increase in thiosulfate-cyanide sulfurtransferase activity, and no detectable activity in the presence of 3-mercaptopyruvate as the sulfur donor substrate. Fluorescence measurements showed that wild-type and mutant RhdAs were overexpressed in the persulfurated form, thus conferring to this enzyme the potential of a persulfide sulfur donor compound. RhdA contains a unique sequence stretch around the catalytic cysteine, and the data here presented suggest a possible divergent physiological function of A. vinelandii sulfurtransferase. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
- Azotobacter vinelandii rhodanese
- Site-directed mutagenesis
- Sulfur donor substrate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology