Mutant SOD1 accumulation in sensory neurons does not associate with endoplasmic reticulum stress features: Implications for differential vulnerability of sensory and motor neurons to SOD1 toxicity

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Abstract

Mutations in Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Previous papers showed that mutant SOD1 accumulates and undergoes misfolding in motor neurons and that the specific interaction of mutant SOD1 with derlin-1 leads to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Because evidence shows that mutant SOD1 expression also damages sensory neurons, we hypothesized that, similarly to motor neurons, the sensory neurons of ALS mouse model SOD1G93A accumulate mutant/misfolded SOD1 and suffer from ER stress and UPR activation.Our results reveal that SOD1G93A sensory neurons accumulate mutant/misfolded SOD1 but, surprisingly, do not suffer from ER stress and UPR activation. Moreover, the sensory neurons do not express detectable levels of the SOD1 interactor derlin-1. These results suggest a potential molecular mechanism underlying the differential vulnerability of motor and sensory neurons to mutant SOD1 toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume627
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2016

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Dorsal root ganglion neurons
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • SOD1
  • Unfolded protein response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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