Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is an autosomal-dominant skeletal disorder characterized by the formation of multiple cartilage-capped protuberances. MO is genetically heterogeneous and is associated with mutations in the EXT1 and EXT2 genes. In this study we describe extensive mutation screening in a set of 63 patients with clinical and radiographical diagnosis of MO. Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed mutations in 43 patients. Additional deletion analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization and a newly developed multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification probe set identified one patient with an intragenic EXT1 translocation, three patients with a partial EXT1 deletion, and one patient with a partial EXT2 deletion. Thirty-six patients harbored an EXT1 mutation (57%), and 12 had an EXT2 mutation (19%). We show that our optimized denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography/sequencing/multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification protocol represents a reliable and highly sensitive diagnostic strategy for mutation screening in MO patients. Clinical analysis showed no clear genotype-phenotype correlation in our cohort of MO patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology