Mutation spectrum in the French cohort of galactosemic patients and structural simulation of 27 novel missense variations

Audrey Boutron, Anna Marabotti, Angelo Facchiano, David Cheillan, Mokhtar Zater, Christophe Oliveira, Catherine Costa, Philippe Labrune, Michèle Brivet, N. Loisel, G. Morin, M. Barth, C. Altuzarra, S. Mesli, V. Rigalleau, M. H. Rhead, G. de Schrevel, C. Thauvin-Robinet, A. Dos Santos, D. DobbelaereK. Mention, N. Guffon, A. Cano, F. Feillet, P. Krempf, G. Pitelet, O. Bernard, B. Hermeziu, E. Gonzalez, D. Habes, E. Jacquemin, H. Ogier de Baulny, S. Roche, D. Debray, P. de Lonlay, A. Servais, G. Touati, N. Bednarek, R. Garnotel, A. M. Devaux, C. Gay, D. Eyer, J. Baruteau, P. Broué, F. Labarthe, F. Maillot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Classic galactosemia refers to galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency and is characterized by long-term complications of unknown mechanism and high allelic heterogeneity of GALT gene. Aim: To report molecular characterization of GALT variations in 210 French families, to analyze the structural effects of novel missense variations and to assess informativity of structural data in predicting outcome. Methods: Sequencing of exons and intron-exon junctions of GALT gene was completed in unsolved cases by analysis of a long range PCR product. Structural consequences of novel missense variations were predicted using a homology model of GALT protein and a semi-automated analysis which integrates simulation of variations, structural analyses and two web servers dedicated to identify mutation-induced change of protein stability. Results: Forty four novel variations were identified, among them 27 nucleotide substitutions. In silico modeling of these missense variations showed that 12 variations are predicted to impair subunit interactions and/or active site conformation and that 23 variations modify H-bond or salt-bridge networks. Twenty variations decrease the global stability of the protein. Five variations had apparently no structural effect. Conclusion: Our results expand the mutation spectrum in GALT gene and the list of GALT variations analyzed at the structural level, providing new data to assess the pathophysiology of galactosemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-447
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase
  • Galactosemia
  • GALT gene
  • Structural modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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