Mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable-region (IgVH) genes, along with CD38 expression, is a prognostic marker in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Configuration of IgVH genes displaying > 2% mismatch has been shown to correlate with longer survivals. In a series of 64 B-CLLs, we failed to confirm the prognostic value of the IgVH gene mutational status by using the suggested cutoff. However, the IgVH mutational status maintained its prognostic value only when evidence of antigen-driven selection could be documented. This was accomplished by applying statistical methods aimed at evaluating a significant skewing of replacement mutations from framework to complementary determining regions, as it occurs during germinal center differentiation of B cells. These data caution against wide application of the 2% somatic mutation cutoff as a prognostic determinant without demonstration of antigen-driven selection.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2004|
- CD38 expression
- Complementary determining regions
- Germinal center differentiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research