Mutual nonlinear prediction of cardiovascular variability series: Comparison between exogenous and autoregressive exogenous models

Luca Faes, Alberto Porta, Giandomenico Nollo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A model-based approach to perform mutual nonlinear prediction of short cardiovascular variability series is presented. The approach is based on identifying exogenous (X) and autoregressive exogenous (ARX) models by K-nearest neighbors local linear approximation, and estimates the predictability of a series given the other as the squared correlation between original and predicted values of the series. The method was first tested on simulations reproducing different types of interaction between non-identical Henon maps, and then applied to heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) variability series measured in healthy subjects at rest and after head-up tilt. Simulations showed that different coupling conditions were always detected by the X model but not by the ARX model. The comparison between X and ARX models suggested the presence of oscillatory sources determining the regularity of HR and BP dynamics independently of their closed-loop mutual regulation. The transition from supine to upright position was associated with an enhancement of the HR and BP mutual regulation, compatible with the activation of the sympathetic nervous system induced by tilt.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Pages5954-5957
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event29th Annual International Conference of IEEE-EMBS, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC'07 - Lyon, France
Duration: Aug 23 2007Aug 26 2007

Other

Other29th Annual International Conference of IEEE-EMBS, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC'07
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period8/23/078/26/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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