Myeloablative therapy and unpurged autologous bone marrow transplantation for poor-prognosis neuroblastoma: Report of 34 cases

G. Dini, E. Lanino, A. Garaventa, D. Rogers, S. Dallorso, C. Viscoli, E. Castagnola, G. Manno, M. Brisigotti, C. Rosanda, M. Pasino, L. Rivabella, L. Boni, N. Marchese, G. Ivani, A. Rizzo, P. Franzone, S. Trasino, B. De Bernardi

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Abstract

From October 1984 to November 1987, 34 patients aged from 1 year 1 month to 7 years 7 months with resistant or relapsed neuroblastoma (NB) (group 1, 10 patients), unselected disseminated NB (group 2, 14 patients), or selected disseminated NB (group 3, 10 patients) received myeloablative therapy (MAT) followed by unpurged autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) at the end of an intensive protocol, which included high-dose chemotherapy and surgery to the primary tumor. Median time from diagnosis to MAT and ABMT was 6 months (5 months from last relapse to MAT and ABMT in the relapsed patients). The MAT regimen included vincristine, fractionated total body irradiation (TBI), and melphalan. Seventeen patients were grafted in complete remission (CR), five in very good partial remission (VGPR), 10 in partial remission (PR), and two in progressive disease (PD). The acute toxic death rate was 2.9%. The overall progression-free survival was 29%. The median progression-free survival was 20 months for the 17 patients grafted in CR, 6 months for the five patients grafted in VGPR, and 12 months for the 10 patients grafted in PR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)962-969
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume9
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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