Myocardial 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine imaging in hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy

Riccardo Liga, Alessia Gimelli, Paolo Marzullo, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Matteo Cameli, Elisabetta Cerbai, Stefano Coiro, Michele Emdin, Rossella Marcucci, Doralisa Morrone, Alberto Palazzuoli, Anna Sonia Petronio, Ketty Savino, Luigi Padeletti, Roberto Pedrinelli, On Behalf Of Società Italiana Di Cardiologia, Sezione Regionale Tosco-Umbra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sympathetic nervous system plays a pivotal role in essential hypertension and in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. Moreover, cardiac sympathetic dys-regulation has been demonstrated as a key con-causal factor in the genesis and progression of pathologic conditions such as congestive heart failure and ischemic heart disease to which hypertension predisposes as a risk factor. However, despite its fundamental role in cardiac pathophysiology, the evaluation of cardiac sympathetic nervous system has never gained a wide clinical application, remaining mostly a research tool. In this context, nuclear imaging techniques are the only modalities to allow the direct evaluation of cardiac sympathetic nervous integrity, giving the chance to obtain objective measures of the sympathetic tone. This review, while summarizing the general profile of currently available tests for autonomic evaluation, focuses on 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine nuclear imaging as a preferential tool to assess cardiac sympathetic status. Specifically, the review discusses the available evidence on cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in arterial hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy and its diagnostic and prognostic potential in congestive heart failure and ischemic heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 10 2017

Keywords

  • I-metaiodobenzylguanidine
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Sympathetic nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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