Myoelectric manifestations of muscle changes in stroke patients

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the development of myoelectric fatigue in paretic and healthy tibialis anterior muscles of stroke patients. Design: Case series. Setting: Occupational therapy and clinical neurophysiology unit. Participants: Eight patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia 9 months to 10 years poststroke. Main Outcome Measures: Current pulses of 0.1-ms width and 40-Hz repetition rate were applied for 10 seconds with a monopolar technique; myoelectric signals (M waves) were detected with surface electrodes. Results: Mean values and initial values of the median frequency (MDF) between paretic and healthy side were statistically different, with the values on the healthy side much higher than the paretic side. Changes of MDF showed a decreasing pattern for both the paretic and the healthy sides, with the downslope of the curve of the healthy side more evident. Conclusions: In paretic muscles of stroke patients, the tendency toward atrophy of type II fibers appears to be frequent. Our study suggests this muscle rearrangement uses techniques much less invasive than muscle biopsy, and gives useful information about muscle function. This kind of information can help identify rehabilitation strategies, particularly for chronic stroke survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-665
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Stroke
Muscles
Neurophysiology
Hemiplegia
Occupational Therapy
Paresis
Atrophy
Fatigue
Survivors
Electrodes
Rehabilitation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Biopsy

Keywords

  • Anterior tibialis muscle
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Electromyography
  • Fatigue
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: To evaluate the development of myoelectric fatigue in paretic and healthy tibialis anterior muscles of stroke patients. Design: Case series. Setting: Occupational therapy and clinical neurophysiology unit. Participants: Eight patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia 9 months to 10 years poststroke. Main Outcome Measures: Current pulses of 0.1-ms width and 40-Hz repetition rate were applied for 10 seconds with a monopolar technique; myoelectric signals (M waves) were detected with surface electrodes. Results: Mean values and initial values of the median frequency (MDF) between paretic and healthy side were statistically different, with the values on the healthy side much higher than the paretic side. Changes of MDF showed a decreasing pattern for both the paretic and the healthy sides, with the downslope of the curve of the healthy side more evident. Conclusions: In paretic muscles of stroke patients, the tendency toward atrophy of type II fibers appears to be frequent. Our study suggests this muscle rearrangement uses techniques much less invasive than muscle biopsy, and gives useful information about muscle function. This kind of information can help identify rehabilitation strategies, particularly for chronic stroke survivors.",
keywords = "Anterior tibialis muscle, Cerebrovascular accident, Electromyography, Fatigue, Rehabilitation",
author = "Toffola, {Elena Dalla} and Diego Sparpaglione and Angela Pistorio and Michelangelo Buonocore",
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T1 - Myoelectric manifestations of muscle changes in stroke patients

AU - Toffola, Elena Dalla

AU - Sparpaglione, Diego

AU - Pistorio, Angela

AU - Buonocore, Michelangelo

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Objective: To evaluate the development of myoelectric fatigue in paretic and healthy tibialis anterior muscles of stroke patients. Design: Case series. Setting: Occupational therapy and clinical neurophysiology unit. Participants: Eight patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia 9 months to 10 years poststroke. Main Outcome Measures: Current pulses of 0.1-ms width and 40-Hz repetition rate were applied for 10 seconds with a monopolar technique; myoelectric signals (M waves) were detected with surface electrodes. Results: Mean values and initial values of the median frequency (MDF) between paretic and healthy side were statistically different, with the values on the healthy side much higher than the paretic side. Changes of MDF showed a decreasing pattern for both the paretic and the healthy sides, with the downslope of the curve of the healthy side more evident. Conclusions: In paretic muscles of stroke patients, the tendency toward atrophy of type II fibers appears to be frequent. Our study suggests this muscle rearrangement uses techniques much less invasive than muscle biopsy, and gives useful information about muscle function. This kind of information can help identify rehabilitation strategies, particularly for chronic stroke survivors.

AB - Objective: To evaluate the development of myoelectric fatigue in paretic and healthy tibialis anterior muscles of stroke patients. Design: Case series. Setting: Occupational therapy and clinical neurophysiology unit. Participants: Eight patients with hemiparesis or hemiplegia 9 months to 10 years poststroke. Main Outcome Measures: Current pulses of 0.1-ms width and 40-Hz repetition rate were applied for 10 seconds with a monopolar technique; myoelectric signals (M waves) were detected with surface electrodes. Results: Mean values and initial values of the median frequency (MDF) between paretic and healthy side were statistically different, with the values on the healthy side much higher than the paretic side. Changes of MDF showed a decreasing pattern for both the paretic and the healthy sides, with the downslope of the curve of the healthy side more evident. Conclusions: In paretic muscles of stroke patients, the tendency toward atrophy of type II fibers appears to be frequent. Our study suggests this muscle rearrangement uses techniques much less invasive than muscle biopsy, and gives useful information about muscle function. This kind of information can help identify rehabilitation strategies, particularly for chronic stroke survivors.

KW - Anterior tibialis muscle

KW - Cerebrovascular accident

KW - Electromyography

KW - Fatigue

KW - Rehabilitation

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