Myogenic effect of SP-1f and SP-1h two novel 3-adrenoceptor (3-AR) agonists in human colonic circular smooth muscle

Maria Antonietta Maselli, Piero Trisolini, Antonia Ignazzi, Maria Notarnicola, Dionigi Lorusso, Francesco Pezzolla, Dominga Iacobazzi, Antonio Scilimati, Maria Grazia Perrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of two novel 3-adrenoceptor (3-AR) agonists SP-1f and SP-1h on human colon circular smooth muscle contractility and 3-AR mRNA expression have been determined. 3-AR is ascertained co-participates to the control of the gut motility. Isometric tension on human colon muscle strips was measured in response to increasing concentrations of SP-1f, SP-1h and (-)-isoprenaline, alone and in the presence of Betaxolol, ICI 11,855 and SR 59230A (1-, 2- and 3-AR antagonists, respectively). (-)-Isoprenaline concentration-dependently relaxed circular muscle strips with an EC 50=0.32±0.06 μM. Such an effect was antagonized either by the contemporaneously presence of Betaxolol and ICI 11,855 [(-)-isoprenaline EC50=1.75±0.35 μM, pKB=7.88±0.10] or by Betaxolol, ICI 11,855 and SR 59230A [(-)-isoprenaline EC50=3. 49±0.38 μM, pKB=8.51±0.14]. Besides, SP-1f and SP-1h concentration-dependently relaxed circular muscle strips with an EC 50=0.35±0.07 μM and 0.45±0.12 μM, respectively. These values remained unchanged by blocking the 1- and 2-AR. The presence of SR 59230A antagonized the relaxing effect of SP-1f (EC50=3.51±0.94 μM, pKB=8.93±0.16) and did not modify the SP-1h relaxing potency. In colon circular smooth muscle and in mucosa, 3-AR mRNA expression levels were found to be 0.39±0.70 and 0.26±0.12 (P3-adrenoceptor functional role in the human colon and the crucial contribution of SP-1f to the control of the gut dysmotility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume723
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2014

Keywords

  • -Adrenoceptor (-AR)
  • Agonist
  • Human colon motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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