N-Hydroxymethylpentamethylmelamine (HMPMM) was identified by HPLC and by GLC-MS after derivatization, as a metabolite of the anticancer drug hexamethylmelamine (HMM) in incubation mixtures with fortified mouse liver 9000 × g and microsomal preparations. HMPMM formation was dependent on the presence of NADPH and oxygen. N-demethylated metabolites were also found. HMPMM displays appreciable chemical stability and 29% was recovered after 60 min incubation in buffer. HMPMM constituted more than 50% of total HMM metabolites in 30 min incubations. The known chemical reactivity of carbinolamines means that HMPMM could be involved in the pharmacological or toxic effects of HMM.
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